Zeitschrift Aufsätze

Bram Van Hofstraeten

Limited Partnerships in Early Modern Antwerp (1480-1620)1

1. Introduction

1 So far, there are above all reasons to assume a substantial degree of unfamiliarity of the sixteenth-century Antwerp market with the concept of a limited partnership, i.e. a partnership consisting of jointly and severally liable partners, on the one hand, and one or more silent partners, whose liability towards third parties cannot exceed the size of their initial investment in the company, on the other hand. 2 First of all, only two examples of Antwerp partnership agreements establishing a limited partnership have been discovered thus far. 3 Secondly, the fourth and last municipal attempt to record all Antwerp customs, the so-called Consuetudines compilatae (1608), which provided for quite an elaborate title on private partnerships (title 4.9), did not incorporate a separate clause on the limited partnership as a distinct type of commercial company. 4 On the other hand, the two examples do give proof of the fact that the limited partnership was not entirely strange to sixteenth-century Antwerp merchants. 5 Therefore, this article examines the real degree of familiarity of the Antwerp market with limited partnerships in the long sixteenth century (1480-1620).

2. Although I am aware of the anachronistic nature of the (...) 3. Cf. infra, §2. See also: E. Otto, Träger und Formen (...) 4. In article 4.9.8, it simply addressed the limited liability of (...) 5. Moreover, various ‘foreign’ limited partnerships in which Antwerp-based merchants were (...)

2 An examination of such acquaintance is appropriate and desirable for two main reasons. First of all, it has been generally assumed that the idea of liability limitation and the appearance of limited partnerships constituted substantial factors and features in late medieval and early modern economic development for it provided a relatively safe way to attract and activate a large amount of money that had remained passively present in contemporaneous communities thus far. 6 Likewise, it also allowed for the injection of financial means belonging to social groups that were presumed to refrain from economic affairs because of their social status. By means of limited partnerships, clerics, noblemen and officials could now participate in commerce anonymously as silent partners, since in principle their names were to remain excluded from the firma or name of the company. Likewise, they could fructify their idle capital without risking a loss of rank. 7 Precisely because of this stimulating role, generally attributed to limited partnerships, it is surprising that, at first sight, such limited partnerships are hard to identify within the framework of the Antwerp market during the sixteenth century, in particular since at that time the city experienced its Golden Age. Therefore, a closer examination of the city’s familiarity with liability limitation becomes desirable in order to assess the latter’s role within the overall growth of the Antwerp market. A second reason that incites such assessment is framed within a legal context. So far, sixteenth-century Antwerp has been appraised repeatedly for the development of various financial innovations, more specifically with regard to the negotiability and transferability of financial instruments. A similar pioneering role has been attributed to the city with regard to the further distribution of the idea of limited liability over Northern Europe, and the city of Amsterdam in particular. 8 Again, the exceptionality of limited partnerships discovered so far might refute this assumption and further support the belief of those economic historians stressing the independent development of the idea of limited liability in Amsterdam on the legal foundations of the so-called partenrederijen . 9 So, in addition to economic historians, a profound examination of the familiarity of Antwerp-based merchants with limited partnerships will serve their legal counterparts as well.

6. R.A. Goldthwaite, The economy of Renaissance Florence, Baltimore 2009, p. (...) 7. A.D. Kessler, Limited Liability in Context: Lessons From the French (...) 8. E. Van Der Heijden, De ontwikkeling van de Naamlooze Vennootschap (...) 9. Gelderblom, The Golden Age (n. 6), p. 164-166. (...)

3 In order to assess the acquaintance of Antwerp-based entrepreneurs with limited partnerships, the most self-evident approach consists of a systematic analysis of all preserved partnership agreements by means of which a commercial or industrial company had been founded during the period under investigation. As regards the long sixteenth century, I could identify 141 – chiefly notarized – partnership agreements. 10 However, as far as the categorization of private partnerships and the identification of limited partnerships are concerned, the respective partnership agreements present us with two significant impediments. Firstly, Antwerp notaries did not distinguish terminologically between various types of partnerships. Every kind of private partnership, whether it was a general partnership or a limited one, was called a compaignie , societeyt , or geselschap , irrespective of the presence of fundamentally distinguishing features. 11 Secondly, early modern contracting parties were primarily concerned about internal relationships instead of external liabilities. Only seven partnership agreements contained clauses addressing external liability issues explicitly, of which only two contracts postulated the limited liability of one or more of its partners. 12

10. These partnership agreements are listed in ‘Annex 1’. Besides five (...) 11. In eighteenth-century France too, arbitrage did not apply a type-specific (...) 12. Cf. Annex 1, Nos. 15, 34a-c, 66, 69, 85, and (...)

4 As a result, it remains utterly difficult to qualify and categorize the 141 partnership structures of the research sample by means of the external-liability-criterion. Therefore, the present article will scrutinize the applicability of various other distinctive criteria - beside the presence of explicit clauses on the limited liability of silent partners in the partnership agreements - in order to justly qualify a specific partnership as a limited partnership, and distinguish it from a general partnership. Such assessment will start from those two examples of limited partnerships known to us thus far, i.e. the Schetz-Pruynen-van Hilst Company of 1552 and the Balbi-Maggioli Company of 1604.

2. Contractual clauses on limited liability in early modern Antwerp

5 In order to decide on the usability of extra criteria that allow for a distinction between general and silent partners, and consequently help to identify limited partnerships, a suitable starting point is provided by those partnership agreements which created partnerships that can be unquestionably labelled as limited partnerships for the reason that these agreements explicitly limited the external liability of one or more of their constituting partners. 13 These contracts inform us about extra features that were common among silent partners in early modern Antwerp and distinguished them from their jointly and severally liable counterparts. In this respect, the absence of a silent partner’s name in the firma or name of the company as well as his abstinence from all trading and managerial activities proved to be significantly useful.

13. It goes without saying that the clause on the participatio (...)

6 The first (well-known) example of an Antwerp partnership agreement containing a clause, by means of which the external liability of one or more constituting partners was limited to the initial contribution to the partnership’s nominal capital, was recorded on the 1 st of December 1552. The partnership, that was to begin its activities on the 1 st of January 1553, united the (in)famous Schetz brothers (Gaspar, Melchior and Balthasar) with their Antwerp factor, Christoffel Pruynen, as well as their Leipzig factor, Adriaan van Hilst. 14 The company was initially established for a fixed duration of six years and was to conduct trading activities between the cities of Leipzig and Antwerp. 15 It was agreed that Christoffel Pruynen would administer the corporate activities in Antwerp, while Adriaan van Hilst was entrusted with a similar task in Leipzig. The individual capacity to act of both gouvernadores remained limited to some extent. Long-term contracts and purchases ‘of greater importance’ could only be engaged in with the consent of the other managing partner. This is obvious, if one takes into account that Pruynen and van Hilst could either jointly or individually obligate each other towards third parties. The role of the three Schetz brothers within the partnership was a merely passive one and was limited to a financial contribution of £4.000, equalling four ninths of the overall company. Pruynen contributed £3.000 and van Hilst £2.000. 16 Still, the partnership agreement did not postulate the complete abstinence of the Schetz brothers from all corporate activities. Despite the fact that they were not expected to participate actively in the company’s activities, they were still allowed to interfere ‘as soon as they considered such intervention desirable’. The Schetz brothers were also granted the right to enter the offices of the company in Antwerp in order to check the account books, ‘like full partners are allowed to do’ and ‘as if their names had been mentioned in the firma as well’. Furthermore, Pruynen and van Hilst were not allowed to employ factors without the advice and consent of the three Schetz brothers. As a result, the actual involvement of the Schetz brothers remained limited to an internal and advisory level. It did not comprise external contracting, managerial or administering activities. Therefore, they saw their liability, contractually and explicitly, limited to the amount of their initial investment:

14. ACA, V322/4, Zaak Schetz-Pruynen. A French version of the partnership (...) 15. The initiative to create the partnership was taken by the (...) 16. These amounts were agreed upon on the 3rd of May (...)

7 ‘ende ondersproecken dat dese twee administranten van deser compaingia Pruenen oft Hilst oft yemants vander compaingia weghen by heur geauctoriseert synde den handel deser societeyt niet hooger en sal moghen oft konnen beswaren tot des Gaspar Schets ende ghebroeders last dan tot vermoghen des camdaels boven gemencioneert in sulcker vueghen dat inghevalle van verachteringhe oft verlies (daer godt voorsien moet) die voors. Gaspar Schets ende ghebroeders des niet voorder en sullen belast wordden oft moghen verliesen, dat dat camdael van huerder syden in deser handelinge oft societeyt ghefourneert synde’. 17

17. ACA, V322/4, Zaak Schetz-Pruynen. (...)

8 Subsequently, the contracting parties explicitly declined all customs and laws that could have prescribed the joint and several liability of partners. In addition, the agreement reveals that it was of absolute importance that the names of the three Schetz brothers did not appear in the name of the company or firma. Both in Leipzig as well as in Antwerp, the managing partners, Pruynen and van Hilst, were to conduct business while using their both names exclusively, yet jointly.

9 Thus, two distinctive features of the silent partners have become apparent: the absence of their names in the firma , and their abstention from all genuine partnership operations. A similar observation can be made on the basis of the limited partnership established in Antwerp in 1604 by the Genoese merchants Gio Francesco, Bartholomeo and Jeronimo Balbi on the one hand and Lorenzo Maggioli on the other hand. 18 Again, the composition of the firma is decisive in distinguishing between general and silent partners, and the latter refrained from every kind of active involvement in the execution of the business activities. In the contract, it was agreed that Lorenzo Maggioli would execute the partnerships’ business in Antwerp as a general partner, whereas the Balbis - as silent partners - would stay in Genoa and limit their contribution to the company to the supply of 60.000 guilders. Maggioli, on his part, was to invest 20.000 guilders. Like in the previous example, the external liability of the silent partners had been explicitly limited to their initial investment: ‘ ... detti Balbi non possino essere obligati in modo alcuno a maggior somma che a sudette fiorini sessante millia che pongono per loro participatione ’. 19 In order to guarantee such privileged status of the Balbi brothers, Lorenzo Maggioli was not allowed to use their names while contracting with third parties. On the contrary, Maggioli promised to execute the company’s business ‘in his own name’. 20

18. Cf. Annex 1, No. 100. Cf. R. Baetens, De nazomer (...) 19. ACA, Willem le Rousseau Senior, Notariaat (N) 2424 (1635), f. (...) 20. Likewise, Antwerp praxis positions itself - as regards the criterion (...)

10 So, in both examples the silent partners at hand possess two extra features that distinguish them from their jointly and severally liable colleagues, namely the absence of their names in the firma and their abstention from actively administering external business activities. 21 Taking into account these features, it becomes possible to identify more limited partnerships among those partnership agreements that do not contain an explicit clause on the privileged status of one of their partners.

21. Similar common features of silent partners can be observed in (...)

3. The firma -criterion

11 On the basis of both characterizing features of silent partners, delivered to us in the aforementioned explicit examples of limited partnerships established in Antwerp, three other partnership agreements can be safely typified as contracts establishing a limited partnership. 22

22. To some extent cautiousness remains required as regards the application (...)

12 In 1558, the Antwerp merchants Jan Gamell and Paul van Houte established a private partnership that essentially resembled an ordinary investment company. 23 The parties contributed £100 each in order to finance their enterprise. Successively, the company lent £100 to Peter Sobrecht, a German merchant, at an interest rate of twelve per cent. Subsequently, the van Houte-Gamell Company created a private partnership with Peter Sobrecht, whereby both contracting parties, i.e. the van Houte-Gamell Company on the one hand and Peter Sobrecht on the other hand, invested £100 each. The total amount of £200 was to be employed, by Sobrecht and van Houte, in the trade of textile with Spain, and Jan Gamell was exempted from all daily business activities. In addition, the partnership agreement explicitly stated that Paul van Houte ‘was not allowed to use the name of Jan Gamell in any way whatsoever’. Consequently, one may conclude that Jan Gamell may be rightly considered as a silent partner, whose external liability was limited to his initial investment of £100.

23. Cf. Annex 1, No. 39. See also: E. Wijnroks, Handel (...)

13 A second example dates from the year 1586. On the 18 th of January, Gabriel de Hazu and Dirk Verhoeven established a sugar trade company for four years. Both contracting parties invested £1.000 each, either in cash or in goods. 24 It was agreed upon that Dirk Verhoeven would administer and execute the business activities ‘all by himself’ and ‘in his own name exclusively’, while Gabriel de Hazu was principally exempted from all corporate activities, ‘unless he considered an intervention to be desirable’. Moreover, the contract stated that Dirk Verhoeven was not allowed to bind Gabriel to third parties or assign him as a guarantor for certain obligations. As a result, Gabriel’s risk never exceeded the £1.000 that he initially invested in the company.

24. Cf. Annex 1, No. 67. (...)

14 Thirdly, there is the textile trading company established in 1596 by Jean vande Vekene, widower of Jeanne de la Porte, and the four children (Marie, Suzanne, Anne and Elias) of the latter with her former husband, Nicolas Fruict. 25 All the children were still under-aged, but Marie, aged 19, was already capable to participate actively in the trading business. Suzanne, Anne and Elias evidently refrained from all corporate activities. The partnership agreement was concluded for a fixed duration of three years and it was decided that the name of the company would sound like Jehan vande Vekene , Marie Fruict et compaignie . Again, one may conclude that Suzanne, Anne and Elias were merely silent partners in the partnership.

25. Cf. Annex 1, No. 88. (...)

4. The abstention-criterion

15 Unfortunately, as opposed to late medieval Italian and sixteenth-century Castilian partnership agreements, those recorded in Antwerp hardly incorporated a clause on the composition of the company’s firma . 26 Accordingly, the application of the firma -criterion brought about only limited results. This modest result is compensated by the use of a second criterion, i.e. the idea that a silent partner, as a general rule, had to remain a passive partner as well, and thus, was expected to refrain from each kind of active involvement in the company’s daily activities. This criterion is admittedly applicable to the Antwerp research group for various reasons. First of all, the criterion was generally accepted in foreign practice as well, more specifically in Italy and France. 27 Moreover, it has been put forward that such abstinence from corporate activities, as a necessary requirement for limited liability, was already included implicitly in the definition or conception of a silent partner in Florence as well as Bologna. 28 Thirdly, the criterion can be defended from a reasonable perspective too. Since the silent partner was fully dependent on the decisions and commercial strategies of the general partner(s), and therefore could not be considered as responsible for the eventual success or failure of the enterprise, his liability had to be restricted to the size of his initial financial contribution. Conversely, it would be unjust to allow a silent partner, whose personal liability was limited, to bind the general partners of his partnership in a joint and several manner. Finally, there is the often-quoted decision of the Great Council of Malines in 1549 regarding Nicolas Le Fer’s alleged limited liability. The Council rejected le Fer’s privileged status because he had been actively involved in the partnership’s activities. 29

26. F.H. Abed Al-Hussein, Trade and business community in old Castile: (...) 27. Cf. Carmona, Aspects du capitalisme (n. 5), p. 94; Kessler, (...) 28. Mehr, Societas und universitas (n. 4), p. 175-176. (...) 29. J. Puttevils, The ascent of merchants from the Southern Low (...)

16 Despite the fact that these arguments do not strictly concern actual sixteenth-century practice in Antwerp, the application of the criterion in an Antwerp setting remains justified. After all, a similar kind of abstention could be observed in all previously discussed partnership agreements. Neither the Schetz or Balbi brothers, nor Jan Gamell, Gabriel de Hazu or the stepchildren of Jean vande Vekene were actively involved in the commercial operations and administration of the respective partnerships. Essentially, their involvement remained limited to a mere financial one. Furthermore, the research sample provides an extra argument in favour of the assumption that non-active partners can rightly be considered as silent partners in a limited partnership. In 1596, Peter de Lichte Senior and his son, Jan de Lichte, associated themselves in a three-year trading company. 30 The agreement stipulated explicitly that Peter de Lichte Senior was to refrain from all corporate activities. However, the contract contained a clause imposing the joint and several liability on both partners. 31 Most probably, the contracting parties were aware of the fact that, because of Peter’s abstinence, their partnership would be considered to be a limited one. Most likely, they incorporated the - normally absent - stipulation on external liabilities in order to renounce from Peter de Lichte Senior’s presumed privileged status.

30. Cf. Annex 1, No. 85. (...) 31. ‘Item alle obligatien, quitancien, contracten, missiven ende andere schriften die (...)

17 For these reasons, one may pitch into the research group anew. As a result, numerous other partnership agreements can be qualified as contracts establishing a limited partnership. The first surviving example dates from 1493. 32 In that year, Jan vanden Beke from Brussels and Willem de Luw established a trading company in non-defined goods for an undetermined period of time. Willem’s contribution to the partnership was explicitly limited to the supply of £4, while Jan vanden Beke was supposed to execute the trading activities all by himself. Yet, Willem was allowed to attend these activities ‘if he liked to’. 33 Above his managerial efforts, Jan would also contribute goods with a total value of £4.

32. Cf. Annex 1, No. 2. (...) 33. For similar examples, see: Annex 1, Nos. 6, 47, 51, (...)

18 Frequently, the combination of a passive and active partner involved a financier who enabled one or more persons with particular trained abilities, but often lacking financial means, to capitalize on these competences. The mutual advantages of such a combo are evident. 34 Illustrative in this matter, is the partnership agreement concluded on the 23 rd of September between Cornelis van Eekeren, the mint master of Brabant, on the one hand, and the brewer, Nielsen Lissen, on the other hand. 35 Van Eekeren embayed 300 guilders with which Lissen was allowed to conduct a brewery business in Het Cruys in Berchem. Lissen was solely responsible for the production of beer, while all potential proceeds were to be parted equally. Even though the partnership was concluded for six years, the contract stated that after three years van Eekeren’s 300 guilders were to be reimbursed. From then onwards, the partnership was to be kept up and running for the following three years by means of the profits already made during the first three years. Similar partnerships between mere money-providers on the one hand and artisans, craftsmen and traders on the other hand, were concluded within the field of leather processing, linen trade, and beer production. 36

34. Cf. Kessler, A revolution in commerce (n. 11), p. 148. (...) 35. Cf. Annex 1, No. 13. (...) 36. Cf. Annex 1, Nos. 5, 22, 57, 83, 95, and (...)

19 Sometimes, the establishment of a (limited) partnership served as a means to generate a pension for former craftsmen or their widows. In 1612, Maria van Ghistel, the widow of the late Jacques Fossart, and up till then owners and managers of the brewery Het Anker in Antwerp, contracted a partnership agreement with Ghysbrecht vande Perre and his wife, Johanna van opden Bosch, to whom Maria had sold the house as well as the brewery immediately after her husband’s death. 37 Both parties promised to support the partnership with £600, in cash or goods, each. Nevertheless, it was agreed upon that Ghysbrecht and his wife would be responsible for the brewing activities solely, while Maria’s role in the partnership was merely a financial one. Costs, profits or losses were to be parted equally.

37. Cf. Annex 1, No. 121. (...)

20 Often, it is not clear whether the establishment of a partnership between a father and his son(s) was driven by a similar motivation, or that such a partnership was merely a means to promote his son and establish him and his family in the world of business. For example, in the year 1591, the previously mentioned Antwerp merchant in textiles, Peter de Lichte Senior, concluded a five-year partnership agreement with two of his sons, Hans de Lichte and Peter de Lichte Junior. Both contracting parties agreed to contribute an equal amount of cash, and profits or losses were to be shared equally. The trading activities would take place in the house and shop of Peter de Lichte Senior, called Sint -Jan-Baptiste and situated in the Hoogstraat in Antwerp. Both sons and their families were to reside in the same house, where they were expected to conduct the partnership’s business without any intervention of their father. 38 One example could be identified in which a father concluded a (limited) partnership with his future son-in-law in order to help his daughter, and her husband-to-be, establish themselves as an independent family. As agreed upon earlier in the contract arranging the marriage between Barbara Schots and Joos Waeye, Jan Schots concluded a partnership agreement with Joos Waeye on the 21 st of January 1542. 39 The father’s concern to promote his daughter in life is demonstrated by the fact that the eventual profits of the trading company were to be divided equally, even though Jan Schots (£200) had contributed four times as much as Joos Waeye (£50) had done. It was agreed upon that Joos Waeye would execute the trading activities in Antwerp alone by means of a nominal capital totalling £250.

38. For a similar example, see: Annex 1, No. 110. (...) 39. Cf. Annex 1, No. 20a. (...)

21 Another category of silent partners were children. These examples demonstrate an additional motivation to resort to a limited partnership, i.e. a relatively safe investment of the -often inherited - assets of children. In 1592, after the death of Catlyne Gheylincx, her husband, François Leemans, contracted a partnership agreement in the name of his under-aged children, Joos, Eluart and Elizabeth Leemans, with Hendrik de Coninck, a local skin oilier. 40 Profits or losses, as well as operational costs, were to be divided pro rata the respective inputs of all participating parties. Hendrik was supposed to execute the entrepreneurial activities single-handed. One may assume that such partnership was set up to invest the money that the children had inherited from their mother. 41

40. Cf. Annex 1, No. 77. (...) 41. For a similar example, cf. supra: the partnership between Jean (...)

5. Conclusion

22 Despite the obstacles linked to the categorizing of the surviving partnership agreements, it has become feasible to identify a significant number of limited partnerships that were created, established and operative on the Antwerp market in the course of the long sixteenth century. In sum, no less than 25 partnership agreements could be, both explicitly as implicitly, labelled as limited partnerships. 42 As demonstrated in chart 1, there are no significant changes to be observed in the number of limited partnerships in the course of the sixteenth century. Apparently, limited partnerships did indeed play a substantial but at the same time relatively modest role in the economic organization of the sixteenth-century Antwerp market. Still, one may not ignore the fact that this study was largely based on notarized partnership agreements and that during the early modern period the use of oral and privately drafted contracts was still a widespread and generally accepted practice among Antwerp merchants. 43 In opposition to early modern France, the Antwerp limited partnership did not seem to function as a means to meet the demands of specific social categories like clerics and noblemen in particular.

42. As regards nine other partnerships, it appeared to be impossible (...) 43. Van Hofstraeten, Jurisdictional complexity (n. 13), p. 59. (...)

23 Chart 1. Frequency of the respective partnership types in sixteenth-century Antwerp per decade (in %). 44

44. Chart 1 starts at the year 1531 because the available (...)


25 The relative steadiness of the limited partnership’s stake in the course of the sixteenth century even suggests the existence of an older, well-established tradition in accomandita -like partnerships predating the year 1530. Nevertheless, such familiarity experienced a considerable and most remarkable relapse from the 1610s onwards. Possibly, the limited partnership, as a means to fructify one’s surplus capital in a relatively safe way, was overtaken by the arrival of a new type of partnership in the Low Countries, i.e. chartered joint-stock companies like the Dutch East India Company (1602) and the Dutch West India Company (1621).

26 Regarding the identification of limited partnerships, the abstention-criterion fulfilled a vital role, since most of the extant partnership agreements did not incorporate clauses on the composition of the firma or the external liabilities of its respective members. In this respect, one has to stress that such abstention not necessarily had to be absolute. It implied a complete abstinence from all ‘external’ business activities that involved third parties, yet, silent partners were often allowed to interfere ‘internally’ from an advice-giving point of view as soon as they felt the need to do so.

27 Notwithstanding the successful use of the abstention-criterion, scrutinizing the applicability of the firma -criterion, as regards sixteenth-century merchants that were active on the Antwerp market, gave rise to some noteworthy complications. Especially the observation that hardly any of the partnerships agreements incorporated explicit clauses on the composition of the name of the company, casts doubt on the conviction that, in Antwerp too, silent partners were not allowed to appear in the company’s firma in order to guarantee their privileged status, or, more in general terms, that there existed a causal relationship between the presence of one’s name in the name of the company and the measure of his external liability.

28 Finally, the present article did indeed confirm the suggested acquaintance of Antwerp merchants with the idea of limited liability, and therefore, it was unable to falsify the hypothesis that the city of Antwerp as well as the diaspora of a considerable part of its merchant community after 1585, played a pivotal role in transferring the idea of limited liability to the northern regions of the European continent and the city of Amsterdam in particular.

6. Annex: List of preserved partnership agreements 45

45. The abbreviations mentioned before the date of the partnership agreement (...)

29 1. Peter van Calmes - Herman Pastoir - Bertelmeeus Gant (LP: 04-11-1482). 46

46. ACA, Adriaen van der Bliect, N3693 (1482), f. 25r-25v. (...)

30 2. Jan Vanden Beke - Willem de Luw (LP: 02-06-1493). 47

47. ACA, Adriaen van der Bliect, N3693 (1493), f. 202r-202v. (...)

31 3. Hendrik Beeckman - Jan Decker (GP: 02-10-1514). 48

48. ACA, Schepenregister 145, SR145 (1514), f. 63r. (...)

32 4. Kilian Rietwieser - Joachim Pruner (GP: 30-12-1525). 49

49. J. Strieder, Aus Antwerpener Notariatsarchiven: Quellen zur deutschen Wirtschaftsgeschichte des (...)

33 5. Govaert Robrechtsz van Heusden - Reijnaert Muer (LP: 25-09-1526). 50

50. Antwerp State Archives (ASA), Jacobus de Platea, Notariaat (N) 522 (...)

34 6. Pieter Henricxz alias Wairloes - Frederik Jacobsz vander Meulen, Bernardien Sanicht and their children (LP: 21-08-1532). 51

51. ASA, Jacobus de Platea, N523 (1532), f. 185r-185v. (...)

35 7. Martin Damayo - Pedro de Paredes (GP: 18-02-1535). 52

52. ACA, Willem Stryt, N3132 (1535), f. 18v-19r. (...)

36 8. Hans Papenbruch - Anselmo Odeur van Eldere - Peter Ronsee - Gerard Pauwels - Nicolaas van Marretsen (GP: 07-06-1535). 53

53. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2070 (1535), f. 76v-80r. For a (...)

37 9. Jan van Vlassendonck, Cornelis de Vos and Jan van Damme - Bernard Schoutert (C: 17-06-1535). 54

54. ACA, Willem Stryt, N3132 (1535), f. 60r-61r. (...)

38 10. Robrecht van Haesten - Janneke van Zevenberghen (GP: 28-05-1537). 55

55. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2070 (1537), f. 202r-203r. (...)

39 11. Hans Spinghele - Claes Stengher (GP: 16-08-1537). 56

56. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2070 (1537), f. 224r-224v. (...)

40 12. Arnout Ghysenbrech - Hendrik Garet (GP: 18-02-1538). 57

57. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2070 (1538), f. 286v-288r. (...)

41 13. Cornelis van Eekeren - Nielsen Lissen (LP: 23-09-1538). 58

58. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2070 (1538), f. 341v-342r. (...)

42 14. Jan Wraghe - Jasper van Gulick (U: 28-11-1538). 59

59. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2070 (1538), f. 360r-360v. (...)

43 15. Adam vander Haghen - Adriaan vander Borch - Frans de Buyschere - Karel Crol (GP: 03-04-1539). 60

60. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2070 (1539), f. 416r-417v. (...)

44 16. Nicolaas David - Jeronimus vanden Vos (GP: 05-04-1539). 61

61. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2070 (1539), f. 414r-415r. (...)

45 17. George Lohoys - Jean Hobreau alias Petit Jean (GP: 20-03-1540). 62

62. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2071 (1540), f. 56r-58r. (...)

46 18. Maria Chatoru - Peter de Langaingne and Cornelia Dycx (GP: 15-10-1540). 63

63. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2071 (1540), f. 208r-211r. See also: (...)

47 19. Jan Collozy - Robert Cools (U: 24-12-1540). 64

64. ACA, Willem Stryt, N3133 (1540), f. 368v-370v. (...)

48 20a. Jan Schots - Joos Waeye and Barbara Schots (LP: 21-01-1542). 65

65. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2071 (1542), f. 16r-17v. (...)

49 20b. Jan Schots - Joos Waeye and Barbara Schots - Jan der Kynderen (LP: 21-01-1542). 66

66. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2071 (1542), f. 17v-18v. (...)

50 21. François Verjuys - Jan Deem (C: 06-1543). 67

67. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2071 (1543), f. 97r-97v. (...)

51 22. Jan van Caster - Thomas Smeyers and Heylwyck Leemans (LP: 09-07-1543). 68

68. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2071 (1543), f. 104v-106r. (...)

52 23. Cornelis Rousseau - Lambrecht Michielssen (GP: 16-12-1544). 69

69. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2072 (1544), f. 137v-138v. (...)

53 24. Martin Hureau - Nicolas Hureau (GP: 13-03-1545). 70

70. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2072 (1545), f. 47v-48v. (...)

54 25. Margriet Kareest - Arnout de Besoit (GP: 03-06-1545). 71

71. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2072 (1545), f. 96r-96v. (...)

55 26. Hendrik Peeterssen - Jan de Leeuwe (GP: 13-04-1545). 72

72. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2072 (1545), f. 63r-64r. (...)

56 27. Herman Kerstens - Balthasar de Vleminck (GP: 18-07-1545). 73

73. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2072 (1545), f. 122v-123r. (...)

57 28. Jan Gheldolff - Cornelis Janssen (C: 02-10-1545). 74

74. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2072 (1545), f. 178v-179r. (...)

58 29. Floris de Fonthenis - Jennin van Ranst (GP: 26-04-1547). 75

75. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2073 (1547), f. 78r-80v. (...)

59 30. Jan van Eynde - Joos Verbeken (GP: 20-12-1549). 76

76. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2074 (1549), f. 129v-130r. (...)

60 31. Domingo de Rossano - Michael de Paulo - Michael Angeli Francisque (GP: 08-02-1550). 77

77. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2074 (1550), f. 25r-26v. (...)

61 32. Willem Borremans - Jan Verheyen (GP: 09-06-1550). 78

78. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2074 (1550), f. 119v-120v. (...)

62 33. Christiaen Suyderman - Herman van Reden (GP: 27-11-1550). 79

79. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2074 (1550), f. 212v-214v. (...)

63 34a. Jaspar, Melchior and Balthasar Schetz - Christoffel Pruynen - Adriaen van Hilst (LP: 01-12-1552, 3/4-05-1553). 80

80. ACA, Zaak Schetz-Pruynen, V322/4. See also: Genard, Un acte de (...)

64 34b. Jaspar, Melchior, Balthasar and Koenraad Schetz - Christoffel Pruynen - Adriaen van Hilst - Jan Vleminckx (LP: 16-03-1558, 03-07-1560, 03-03-1561). 81

81. ACA, Zaak Schetz-Pruynen, V322/4. (...)

65 34c. Melchior, Balthasar and Koenraad Schetz - Christoffel Pruynen - Adriaen van Hilst - Jan Vleminckx (LP: 04-03-1563, 26-03-1568). 82

82. Ibidem. (...)

66 35. Christoffel Guinget Junior - Pauwels Rethan (GP: 15-12-1552). 83

83. ACA, Zeger Adriaen sHertoghen Junior, N2078 (1552), f. 16r. (...)

67 36. Cornelie Boots - Melchior Braem (GP: 18-03-1555). 84

84. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2076 (1555), f. 26r-27r. (...)

68 37. Aert die Cleyne - Mariken Plucquet (GP: 10-05-1556). 85

85. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2076 (1556), f. 100r. (...)

69 38. Alaert de Cock - Sebastiaan Reynenborch (GP: 27-03-1557). 86

86. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2076 (1557), f. 19v. (...)

70 39. Jan Gamell - Pauwel van Houte - Peter Sobrecht (LP: 13-04-1558). 87

87. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2077 (1558), f. 45v. (...)

71 40. Toussain Vassal - Robert de Neufville (GP: 11-11-1558). 88

88. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2077 (1558), f. 164r-165v. (...)

72 41. Johan van Weerden - Magnus Friessch (GP: 27-05-1560). 89

89. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2077 (1560), f. 79r-79v. (...)

73 42. Christiaen Lambrechts - Christoffel Henricx (GP: 12-09-1560). 90

90. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2077 (1560), f. 110r. (...)

74 43. Guillaume Borremans - Jan Verheyden (GP: 06-05-1561). 91

91. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2077 (1561), f. 45r-46r. (...)

75 44. Melchior Wolcker - Thomas Chanata - Peter de Zeelander (GP: 23-12-1561). 92

92. ACA, Zeger sHertoghen Senior, N2077 (1561), f. 115r-115v. (...)

76 45. Anna van Eerdborne - François Stelsius (GP: 14-07-1562). 93

93. ACA, Stephanus Claeys alias van Loemel, N544 (1562), f. 5r-5v. (...)

77 46. Thomas Molinel - Anthoni Couvreur (U: 1562). 94

94. ACA, Certificatieboek 18, CERT18 (1562), f. 119v-120r. (...)

78 47. Cornille de Bomberghen and Christoffel Plantijn - Charles de Bomberghen - Johannes Goropius Bekanus - Jacques de Scotti (LP: 26-11-1563). 95

95. M. Rooses, Christophe Plantin, imprimeur anversois, Antwerp 1882, p. 400-403. (...)

79 48. Lucia Vermeulen - Hans Huybens Junior (GP: 03-01-1573). 96

96. ACA, Dierick van den Bossche, N3636 (1573), f. 15r-16r. (...)

80 49. Arnout Vermeren - Nicolaes de Groote (GP: 02-07-1577). 97

97. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1476 (1579), f. 357r-358r. (...)

81 50. Balthasar Belot and Catherine Bals - Peter Belot and Marie Bals (GP: 19-08-1578). 98

98. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1476 (1578), f. 285v-286r. (...)

82 51. Elisabeth Wouterssen - Anna Roovers (LP: 05-09-1578). 99

99. ACA, Nicolaes Claeys alias van Loemel, N525 (1578), f. 64v. (...)

83 52a. Boudewijn Breyel - Bernard Lunde - Gielis du Merchy (GP: 15-09-1579). 100

100. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1476 (1579), f. 400r-400v. (...)

84 52b. Boudewijn Breyel - Bernard Lunde - Gielis du Merchy (GP: 15-09-1579). 101

101. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1476 (1579), f. 401r-401v. (...)

85 53. Balthen Diericx and Dirk Diericx - Jan vanden Dale (GP: 06-11-1579). 102

102. ACA, Dierick van den Bossche, N3639 (1579), f. 47r-48r. (...)

86 54a-b. Jan van Eersbeke alias vander Hagen - Jan Willemssen and Hillebrant Fuys (GP: 28-12-1579). 103

103. ACA, Jan Nicolai Senior, N2702 (1582), No. 132. (...)

87 55. Peter Thunen - Nicolaes Thunen - Jan van Thunen (GP: 14-01-1580). 104

104. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1477 (1580), f. 1v-2r. (...)

88 56. Gielis Nys - Hans Verspreet (GP: 1581). 105

105. ACA, Dierick van den Bossche, N3640 (1581), f. 11r-11v. (...)

89 57. Octaviaan Mercx - Hendrik de Neve (LP: 20-10-1582). 106

106. ACA, Jan Dries, N1330 (1582), f. 143r-143v. (...)

90 58. Cornelis vanden Putte - Hendrik vanden Putte (GP: 20-08-1583). 107

107. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1478 (1583), s.f. (...)

91 59. Maarten della Faille - Johan Borne - Johan de Wale - Thomas Cotteels (GP: 26-09-1583). 108

108. ACA, Lieven van Rockegem, N4456 (1588), f. 94v-96v. (...)

92 60. Hans Merchis - Roctus Nys (U: 16-11-1583). 109

109. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1478 (1583), s.f. (...)

93 61. Hans Laoust - Cornelis de Hase (GP: 27-04-1584). 110

110. ACA, Nicolaes Claeys alias van Loemel, N527 (1584), f. 13r-14r. (...)

94 62. Guillaume Heffels - Gerard Heffels - Hans de Coninck (GP: 15-03-1585). 111

111. ACA, Jan Nicolai Senior, N2703 (1585), f. 30r-31v. (...)

95 63. Jacques van Homssen - Jaspar van Homssen (GP: 17-09-1585). 112

112. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1479 (1585), s.f. (...)

96 64. Peter de Lichte - Jacques Taelman (U: 09-11-1585). 113

113. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1479 (1585), s.f. (...)

97 65. Melchior Christoffels - Jan Praet (GP: 06-01-1586). 114

114. ACA, Dierick van den Bossche, N3643 (1586), f. 19r-19v. (...)

98 66. Jan vanden Berghe - Martin de Rantre and Hans vande Meere (GP: 11-01-1586). 115

115. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1479 (1586), s.f. (...)

99 67. Gabriel de Haze - Dirk Verhoeven (LP: 18-01-1586). 116

116. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1479 (1586), s.f. (...)

100 68. Hendrik Pelgrom - François Pelgrom (GP: 24-01-1586). 117

117. ACA, Jan Dries, N1330 (1586), f. 535r-536v. (...)

101 69. Melchior Botmer and Hans Strader - Jan vanden Berghe (GP: 03-11-1587). 118

118. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1480 (1587), f. 123r. (...)

102 70. Cornelia Priusstinck - Sebastiaen de Smit - François van Dyck (GP: 27-01-1588). 119

119. ACA, Adriaen de Witte, N1183 (1588), No. 7. (...)

103 71. Chrisostomus Scholiers - Jacques Andries - Jan van Immerseel (GP: 31-05-1588). 120

120. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1480 (1587), f. 180r-182v. (...)

104 72. Joris van Bellijn - Jan Pels - Vincent Verstraten (GP: 03-02-1590). 121

121. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1481 (1590), f. 77r-79v. See also: ACA, (...)

105 73. Melchior Rensen - Hans Martyn (CT: 23-01-1591). 122

122. ACA, Peter Wouters, N4844 (1591), f. 48r-48v. (...)

106 74. Peter de Lichte Senior - Hans de Lichte and Peter de Lichte Junior (LP: 25-01-1591). 123

123. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1481 (1591), f. 127r-128r. (...)

107 75. Balthasar Kemp - Peter Wiebouts (GP: 03-09-1591). 124

124. ACA, Peter Wouters, N4844 (1591), f. 40r-41v. (...)

108 76. Simon Jacobs - Jacques Jacobs (GP: 18-07-1592). 125

125. ACA, Adriaen de Witte, N1175 (1592), s.f. (...)

109 77. Hendrik de Coninck - Joos, Eluart and Elizabeth Leemans (LP: 30-10-1592). 126

126. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1481 (1592), f. 374r. (...)

110 78. Lucia Sannen - Nicolaes Peeters and Anna Wynants (GP: 16-01-1593). 127

127. ACA, Adriaen de Witte, N1176 (1593), No. 6. (...)

111 79. Joos dela Flie and Catharina Becx - Hans van Ype (GP: 11-03-1593). 128

128. ACA, Adriaen de Witte, N1176 (1593), No. 43. (...)

112 80. Alexander Bouwens - Cornelis Bouwens (GP: 02-08-1593). 129

129. ACA, Adriaen de Witte, N1176 (1593), No. 79. (...)

113 81. Michiel Verhagen - Hans Hermans - Maarten van Laecken - Anthoni van Laecken – Anthoni Mathys (GP: 30-10-1593). 130

130. ACA, Peter Wouters, N4844 (1593), f. 108r. (...)

114 82. Jaspar Doncker - Melchior Doncker (GP: 24-01-1594). 131

131. ACA, Adriaen de Witte, N1176 (1594), No. 12. (...)

115 83. Lucas Sabot - Abraham Sabot (LP: 25-02-1594). 132

132. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1482 (1594), s.f. (...)

116 84. Hans Scholtens - Jan van Anvyn (GP: 10-03-1595). 133

133. ACA, Adriaen de Witte, N1177 (1595), s.f. (...)

117 85. Peter de Lichte - Jan de Lichte (GP: 01-04-1596). 134

134. ACA, Adriaen de Witte, N1177 (1596), s.f. (...)

118 86. Alexander vanden Steene - Jacques Heyns - Vincent Ingelgrave - Paschier Ingelgrave (GP: 23-01-1596). 135

135. ACA, Jan Nicolai Senior, N2703 (1596), f. 343r-343v. (...)

119 87. Jacques Wynman - Cornelis Rogiers - Cornelis van Uffele (AP: 18-06-1596). 136

136. ACA, Gillis van den Bossche, N3568 (1596), f. 187r-189r. (...)

120 88. Jehan van de Vekene - Marie, Suzanne, Anne and Elias Fruict (LP: 07-12- 1596). 137

137. ACA, Jan Nicolai Senior, N2703 (1596), f. 539r-541r. (...)

121 89. Louis Scheurbroot - P. de Prez (GP: 1597). 138

138. ACA, Frans Ketgen, N2265 (1597), f. 230r-230v. (...)

122 90. Pauwels and Peter Lanceloots and Joos Smit - Adriaen de Wyse, Hubrecht Peeters, Jan van Yperen and Christoffel Quaeyribbe (LP: 16-01-1598). 139

139. ACA, Jacob de Kimpe, N865 (1598), f. 63r-63v. (...)

123 91. Erasmus Hoen - Martin Poullin (GP: 16-02-1598). 140

140. ACA, Michiel van Cauwenberghe, N466 (1598), f. 149r. (...)

124 92. Abraham Seeldrayers - Gielis van Grimbergen (GP: 17-12-1598). 141

141. ACA, Jan Nicolai Senior, N2704 (1598), f. 213r. (...)

125 93. Melchior Peeters - Adam Verjuys (- Hendrik Laureyssen) (GP: 13-07-1599). 142

142. ACA, Peter Wouters, N4847 (1599), f. 101r-102r. (...)

126 94. Bonifatio Cambiani - Jacques de Paigee (GP: 08-03-1601). 143

143. ACA, Gielis vander Donck, N3825 (1601), s.f. (...)

127 95. Nicolaes Fuzee and Anna van Ham - Johanna Spillemans (LP: 11-04-1601). 144

144. ACA, Jan vander Boven, N3694 (1601), f. 116r-116v. (...)

128 96. Johanna van Dyck - Adriaen Delen (GP: 24-05-1602). 145

145. ACA, Adriaen de Witte, N1179 (1602), s.f. (...)

129 97. Catharina van Dyck - Arthur vander Venne (GP: 26-10-1602). 146

146. ACA, Adriaen de Witte, N1179 (1602), s.f. (...)

130 98. Rudolphus Reenis - Richardus Machinus - Johannes Rallins - Robertus Benfielt (GP: 16-03-1604). 147

147. ACA, Gillis van den Bossche, N3578 (1604), f. 298r. (...)

131 99. Johan Taedts - Matthias Michaeli - Pieter van Boetselaer (U: 19-03-1604). 148

148. ACA, Jan Nicolai Senior, N2705 (1604), 19 maart 1604. (...)

132 100. Lorenzo Maggioli - Giovanni Francesco, Bartolomeo and Jeronimo Balbi (LP: 12-06-1604). 149

149. ACA, Willem le Rousseau Senior, N2424 (1635), f. 241v-242v. (...)

133 101. Hans van Veerle - Jaspar de Zettere (GP: 02-06-1605). 150

150. ACA, Frans Ketgen, N2267 (1605), f. 74r-74v. (...)

134 102. Jacques Calvaert - Guillaume Calvaert (U: 21-08-1606). 151

151. ACA, Gillis van den Bossche, N3586 (1606), f. 120r-123v. See (...)

135 103. Lenaert Lenaertsen - Albrecht Tol (GP: 15-11-1606). 152

152. ACA, Gillis van den Bossche, N3586 (1606), f. 385r-385v en (...)

136 104. Andreas vanden Brande - Jacques Pagie (GP: 16-01-1607). 153

153. ACA, Nicolaes Claeys alias van Loemel, N536 (1607), f. 2r-2v. (...)

137 105. Alexander Goubou - Jan Goubou - Rinaldo Hugens (GP: 24-04-1607). 154

154. ACA, Jan Nicolai Senior, N2706 (1607), f. 37v-38r. See also: (...)

138 106a. Jacques Tacx - Melchior Arents (GP: 29-11-1607). 155

155. ACA, Jan Plaquet, N2835 (1607), No. 139. (...)

139 106b. Jacques Tacx and Melchior Arents - Balthasar Tacx (GP: 22-12-1607). 156

156. ACA, Jan Plaquet, N2835 (1607), No. 149. (...)

140 107. Francisco Fernandes Duarte, Jacques Gysbrechts and Lucas Remond de Jonge - Lenaert Lamentoni (GP: 18-12-1607). 157

157. ACA, Gillis van den Bossche, N3590 (1607), f. 328r-329v. (...)

141 108. David Ferdinand du Sart - Jan de Mayere (GP: 12-01-1608). 158

158. ACA, Nicolaes Claeys alias van Loemel, N536 (1608), f. 59v-60v. (...)

142 109. Marie vanden Perre - Jacques Bollaerts and Anna Goossens (GP: 28-04-1608). 159

159. ACA, Louis vanden Berghe Senior, N3537 (1608), f. 160r-162r. (...)

143 110. Hendrik Meys - Gabriel Meys (LP: 11-06-1609). 160

160. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1487 (1610), s.f. (...)

144 111. Giacomo Antonio Annone - Hannibale Bosselli (LP: 07-09-1609). 161

161. ACA, Willem le Rousseau Senior, N2398 (1609), f. 100r-100v. (...)

145 112. Joos de Smidt - Jan de Nollet - Jan Desmarez (LP: 11-07-1609). 162

162. ACA, Bartolomeus vanden Berghe Senior, N3446 (1609), f. 49r-50v. (...)

146 113. Marie Vermeulen - Gilles de Wilde (GP: 06-08-1609). 163

163. ACA, Jan Plaquet, N2835 (1609), No. 75. (...)

147 114. Guillaumme Calvaert - Gilles dela Faille (GP: 22-08-1609). 164

164. ACA, Gillis van den Bossche, N3595 (1609), s.f. (...)

148 115. Barbara Verheyen - Sebastiaen Meeus (U: 09-09-1609). 165

165. ACA, Dirk Fabri, N1493 (1609), f. 63r-63v. (...)

149 116. François Johnssen - Jacques de Paige (CT: 10-10-1609). 166

166. ACA, Gielis vander Donck, N3827 (1609), s.f. (...)

150 117. Pierre Bergeron - Denis Lermite, Gonsalo Gomez, Gilles Deegbroot and partners (GP: 24-09-1610). 167

167. ACA, Gillis van den Bossche, N3598 (1610), f. 176r-177r. (...)

151 118. Hans van Moockenborch - Gielis de Mont Junior (GP: 09-08-1611). 168

168. ACA, Hendrik van Cantelbeck Junior, N3365 (1611), s.f. (...)

152 119. Melchior de Rancourt - Hans de Setter (GP: 29-11-1611). 169

169. ACA, Bartolomeus vanden Berghe Senior, N3447 (1611), f. 205r-207r. (...)

153 120. Barbara Andriessens - Guilliamme Goyvarts and Clara Charle (GP: 21-04-1612). 170

170. ACA, Jan Plaquet, N2836 (1612), No. 40. (...)

154 121. Maria van Ghistel - Ghysbrecht vande Perre and Johanna van opden Bosch (LP: 30-07-1612). 171

171. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1488 (1612), f. 236r-236v. (...)

155 122. Hans de Crock - Hans Smits (GP: 07-01-1613). 172

172. ACA, Hendrik van Cantelbeck Junior, N3367 (1613), s.f. (...)

156 123. Jacques Engels - Jacob Stevenssen and Anthonis Meeussen (GP: 11-02-1613). 173

173. ACA, Frans Ketgen, N2269 (1613), f. 377r. (...)

157 124. Gabriel Fernandez - Hendrik van Paesschen (GP: 26-06-1613). 174

174. ACA, Gillis van den Bossche, N3604 (1613), f. 230r-231r. (...)

158 125. Clara Moens - Jacques Goos Junior - Anthoni van Battel (U: 07-09-1613). 175

175. ACA, Gillis van den Bossche, N3605 (1613), f. 22r-24v. (...)

159 126. Jaspar van Blois - Karel Batkin (GP: 02-10-1613). 176

176. ACA, Gillis van den Bossche, N3605 (1613), f. 117r-118r. (...)

160 127. François Bonecroy - Guilliamme Bonecroy (GP: 20-06-1614). 177

177. ACA, Jaspar vander Herstraeten Senior, N3837 (1614), s.f. (...)

161 128. Cornelis Peeters - Hans Meil and Katlyne Goyvaerts (LP: 1614). 178

178. ACA, Michiel van Cauwenberghe, N468 (1614), f. 203r-204v. (...)

162 129. François Doncker - Jan Doncker and Lambrecht Greyns (GP: 04-02-1615). 179

179. ACA, Nicolaes Claeys alias van Loemel, N540 (1615), f. 6r-6v. (...)

163 130. Jacques Hermans - Gerard Wilrycx (GP: 19-02-1615). 180

180. ACA, Pieter van Aerdenbodeghem, N3295 (1615), f. 29r-29v. (...)

164 131. Peter van Ceulen - Cornelis Engelandt (CT: 07-05-1616). 181

181. ACA, Pieter van Aerdenbodeghem, N3295 (1616), f. 252r-252v. (...)

165 132. Jan van Honssem Junior - Gerard van Gherwen (GP: 18-07-1616). 182

182. ACA, Pieter Fabri, N1489 (1616), s.f. (...)

166 133. Jacques Boon and Anna Bosschaerts - Jacques vanden Velde (GP: 22-09-1616). 183

183. ACA, Louis vanden Berghe Senior, N3542 (1616), f. 65v-67r. (...)

167 134. Filip de Potter - Peter Fredericx (GP: 29-09-1616). 184

184. ACA, Jan Plaquet, N2837 (1616), No. 98. (...)

168 135. Jan Thieuliers - Jan van Coevoorden - Hans van Eerdenborch (GP: 1616). 185

185. ACA, Louis vanden Berghe Senior, N3542 (1616), f. 91r-92v en (...)

169 136. Anthoni Jonckbouwens and Johanna Pluym - Bernard Sterck (GP: 02-01-1617). 186

186. ACA, Louis vanden Berghe Senior, N3543 (1617), f. 131r-132r. (...)

170 137. Bartolomeus Smeerpont - Maarten Joossen (GP: 02-01-1618). 187

187. ACA, Michiel van Cauwenberghe, N472 (1618), f. 2r-2v. (...)

171 138. Jan van Keerberghen - Jeronimus Verdussen Junior (GP: 14-05-1618). 188

188. ACA, Michiel van Cauwenberghe, N472 (1618), f. 117r-119v. (...)

172 139. Gabriel Fernandez - Artus vanden Bogaerde and Jan vanden Bogaerde (GP: 08-03-1619). 189

189. ACA, Michiel van Cauwenberghe, N473 (1619), f. 58r-58v en 87r. (...)

173 140. Hans Boey - Hans vande Verre (GP: 22-03-1619). 190

190. ACA, Frans Ketgen, N2271 (1619), f. 11r. (...)

174 141. Gilles Hanecart Junior - Jan Mastelin (GP: 08-06-1619). 191

191. ACA, Gillis van den Bossche, N3617 (1619), f. 358r-359r. (...)

175 142. Clara Moens - Jacques Goos Junior - Anthoni van Battel - Rodrigo Mattias - Jan Baptista Goos (GP: 07-12-1619). 192

192. ACA, Gillis van den Bossche, N3618 (1619), f. 283r-285v. (...)

176 143. Peter Jacobs - François de Hayaux (GP: 08-10-1620). 193

193. ACA, Jan Plaquet, N2839 (1620), No. 69. (...)

177 144. Jan Hasius - Richard Versteghen - Lenaert van Lom - Peter Meybosch (GP: 07-09-1620). 194

194. ACA, Michiel van Cauwenberghe, N474 (1620), f. 348r-348v. (...)

Aufsatz vom 05. November 2015
© 2015 fhi
ISSN: 1860-5605